The census will always be one of the key record types a genealogist obtains no matter where their family history research began. For every ten years starting with 1790, the Federal census has recorded where our ancestors lived and much more. Then there's the State Censuses which were recorded during the non-Federal census years, usually every five years or so, but not in every State.
Here's a link to the 10 Census Questions That Lead To More Answers from the March 2012 Ancestry.com newsletter. [March you question, well I'm behind on my reading.] It never hurts to read these 'lists' whether you're an expert or just beginning to grow your family tree. I think genealogy is about continuous education.
posted by Denise Hibsch Richmond